Overview of the guide ended up being posted into the January 2019 edition (no. 347) of active Archaeology, in addition to amount can be bought from Oxbow Books.
2020 is CA’s many year that is successful far during the prizes, with our first winnings up to now and accurate documentation three nominations as a whole. CA’s two other nominations were additionally for collaborative tasks, with Revealing Boxford’s Ancient Heritage nominated for scientific study for the and Exercise Shallow Grave up for Rescue Project of the Year year.
Congratulations to all the associated with the prize winners!
A moated website near Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire
Last autumn, the CA field group excavated a moated website near Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire. The moat had mainly been infilled throughout the belated century that is 20th while post-medieval domestic structures in the inside had been demolished adhering to a fire in 2005. The moat happens to be in the middle of a sizable commercial property and company park, though it initially occupied a location that is rural. Regardless of this, it had been profoundly stratified, requiring three stages of technical stripping.
The demolished remnants associated with the post-medieval domestic structures within, and modern connection across, the moat
The first site strip identified the later moat fills as well as the 18th and 19th-century domestic structures, all of which correlated closely with the available 19th-century cartographic evidence at the west of the site. Disappointingly, the moat right here had been fairly shallow, typically a maximum of 2m deep, and just eighteenth to 20th-century artefacts had been restored from in the four hand-excavated interventions.
The area developed by the moat included an amount of later medieval/early post-medieval ditches and a rock culvert, that have been demonstrably cut because of the moat’s western arm before expanding beyond the limitation regarding the web site. This recommended that the western area of the moat that is surviving maybe perhaps perhaps not medieval in beginning, but possibly element of a much later formal landscaped garden, contemporaneous utilizing the post-medieval structures.
Beyond your moat, instantly towards the north, re-stripping revealed the impact of a big medieval aisled barn. This rock building ended up being very near to a brick that is post-medieval over the moat’s north arm, showing that the building additionally the connection weren’t contemporaneous. The rock barn is at minimum 35m long, 8m wide, along with eight surviving stone that is central within its interior. It absolutely was roofed with Cotswold rock slates, although just the smaller pegged tiles survived.
The post-medieval arm that is western of moat
Hand-excavation in the moat’s northern and eastern hands unveiled a sequence that is strikingly different and right right here it reached a level of 3.5m. Organic-rich fills lay under the post-medieval build up and, notably, the initial fills produced exclusively 12th to pottery that is 14th-century.
A connection, contemporaneous because of the medieval moat fills, had been identified crossing the eastern supply, comprising inside and external rock abutments of finely dressed and coursed limestone. Two big, squared timbers (each 5m long and square that is 0.4m were included to the stonework, started regarding the uncovered normal clays at the moat’s base. Several upright timbers was indeed included in to the base timbers with mortice and tenon bones. Although the interior rock abutment survived in good shape, the outside stonework had experienced a catastrophic failure, which presumably rendered this connection unusable.
The medieval rock abutments and exposed timber framework proof for the failure of this outside stone abutment pressing resistant to the timber that is upright
The findings bring into concern the genuine degree associated with the medieval site that is moated. It is currently speculated that the initial medieval moat enclosed a much bigger area, probably expanding west into an area truncated by modern flood alleviation works. This postulated an element of the moat was truncated (or totally abandoned) whenever a post-medieval that is early competition ended up being built over the western limitation regarding the web site. The surviving western supply is very much later (perhaps eighteenth century) and operates parallel with all the mill battle; its almost certainly interpretation is really as a post-medieval yard feature, albeit the one that perhaps re-instated the characteristics and grandeur of a moated website.