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Dilma Rousseff has simply been elected President of Brazil, making her the nation’s very very first feminine president. She actually is the latest girl in Latin America to use up the very best work. BBC Information profiles the ladies presidents of this area – both past and present.
Dilma Rousseff for the ruling Workers’ Party has just been elected president of Brazil – a country of very nearly 200 million individuals, and an increasing power that is global.
She actually is a profession diplomat, and had been – until operating when it comes to presidency – chief of staff to President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva; before that she had been power minister.
Lula offered her his complete backing throughout the campaign and she’s got promised to carry on their policies.
Those that understand Rousseff describe her being a “tough cookie”, so that as a determined, pragmatic girl who loves to get things done. Certainly one of her nick-names is ‘the iron woman’.
She is reported to be astute, having a strategic, rational head.
Her dad had been an immigrant from Bulgaria, along with her mom an educational college instructor.
While a student into the 1960s, she joined the left-wing armed resistance from the dictatorship that is military.
Although she claims she ended up being never ever taking part in violence herself, she ended up being viewed as a vital figure in the movement.
She had been arrested and held for 36 months, during which time she had been tortured.
Ms Rousseff was launched in 1973, resumed her studies in economics, after which joined up with the civil solution.
Laura Chinchilla, President of Costa Rica 2010-
Laura Chinchilla ended up being sworn in as president of Costa Rica in May of the 12 months, following a victory that is conclusive elections in February.
This woman is aided by the centrist National Liberation Party, and had been vice-president under her predecessor, Oscar Arias.
Ms Chinchilla has held a few federal government articles and arises from a family that is political.
She learned in Costa Rica and also at Georgetown University in america.
Ms Chinchilla is deemed a conservative that is social and it is in opposition to homosexual wedding and abortion.
She’s got guaranteed to carry on because of the free-market policies of former president Arias, and also to expand on Costa Rica’s free trade discounts.
Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, President of Argentina 2007-
Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner swept to triumph within the very first round of Argentina’s presidential election in October 2007.
She overran the presidency from her spouse Nestor Kirchner.
The 2 worked closely together, and had been dubbed “the Clintons of this South”.
Mr Kirchner passed away of a coronary attack at the chronilogical age of 60 in 2010 october.
Christina Fernandez includes a track-record that is long politics dating back to to your late 1980s. She’s got worked into the parliament that is regional the nationwide parliament, so when a senator.
She learned legislation at college, and it is known for her work campaigning on individual liberties and ladies’ liberties.
Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile 2006-2010
Michelle Bachelet ended up being inaugurated as president of Chile when it comes to Socialist Party in March 2006.
She had formerly been Chile’s Defence Minister – the very first girl to hold that post in Latin America – and in addition health minister.
She learned military strategy and it is trained as being a paediatrician and an epidemiologist.
In 1970s, within the very early times of Augusto Pinochet’s guideline, her dad occured on costs of treason. Ms Bachelet and her mom were additionally tortured and detained, prior to going into exile.
As health minister Ms Bachelet caused a stir in staunchly Catholic Chile by enabling the distribution that is free of early morning after capsule for victims of intimate punishment interracial people meet free trial.
She stepped down in March 2010 having a appeal score greater than 80%, since the Chilean constitution doesn’t enable a moment consecutive presidential term.
This woman is presently mind of a brand new un agency working on sex problems, called UN Women.
Mireya Moscoso, President of Panama 1999-2004
Mireya Moscoso won elections that are presidential might 1999, and was at cost per year later on for the US handover for the Panama canal.
She actually is the widow of three-time president Arnulfo Arias.
She started her governmental profession after her spouse’s death.
Ms Moscoso originated from an undesirable, rural back ground, and trained as an inside designer.
She promised to operate to cut back poverty in Panama. Nevertheless, her presidency ended up being dogged by allegations of corruption.
Rosalia Arteaga, interim President of Ecuador 1997
Rosalia Arteaga acted as interim president of Ecuador just for 2 days in February 1997, as soon as the leader that is former Abdala Bucaram, had been announced unfit to govern.
She was vice-president before that.
Ms Arteaga went when it comes to presidency in elections in 1998, but got just a share that is small of vote.
Violeta Chamorro, Pres
Violetta Chamorro overcome the incumbent Daniel Ortega in elections, to be president of Nicaragua in April 1990.
She ended up being the candidate for the National Opposition Union – a coalition of events that went up against the Sandinistas.
Her bid had been supported by the usa, whom lifted sanctions regarding the national nation after her election.
Ms Chamorro comes from the wealthy household and had been educated abroad, including in america.
She joined politics after her spouse Pedro Joaquin Chamorro – who was simply editor of a newspaper that is anti-government had been assassinated. She took over as editor associated with the paper after his murder.
She actually is credited for helping stability that is bring comfort to Nicaragua.
Lidia Gueiler Tejada, interim President of Bolivia, 1979-1980
Lidia Gueiler Tejada had been president that is interim of from 1979 to 1980.
She had been plumped for to perform the nation after inconclusive elections plus the ousting for the president that is temporary Guevara.
She was to lead Bolivia until fresh elections, but she herself ended up being removed in a coup before these people were held.
She trained as an accountant, and worked as an associate of Congress and also as president of this Chamber of Deputies before being leader that is interim.
She later worked as Bolivian Ambassador to a true quantity of countries.
Isabel Peron, President of Argentina 1974-1976
Isabel Peron had been the woman that is first in Latin America.
She took over as president of Argentina whenever her spouse – the three-time president Juan Domingo Peron – passed away in workplace in 1974.
Isabel Peron had been their 3rd spouse, plus they married a long period following the loss of the much-loved very first Lady Eva Peron.
Recognized to Argentineans as “Isabelita”, Ms Peron had been a cabaret dancer that is former.
During her presidency, there have been many labour hits, and a huge selection of political murders.
Isabel Peron had been eliminated in a army coup in 1976, and held under household arrest for quite some time before going to Spain.
In 2007, Argentina issued an arrest that is international on her behalf, over her so-called links to a right-wing paramilitary group, which operated during her guideline.
Argentinean authorities additionally wished to concern her on the disappearance of two males.
Spain rejected the extradition demand; the court here ruled that there was clearly evidence that is insufficient her.