Prewriting Methods

Prewriting Methods

Pre-writing methods use composing to come up with and make clear tips. Even though many article writers have typically developed outlines before you begin composing, there are numerous other effective prewriting tasks. We usually call these prewriting methods “brainstorming methods.” Five helpful techniques are detailing, clustering, freewriting, looping, and asking the six reporters’ concerns. These techniques allow you to with both your organization and invention of a few ideas, and certainly will help you in developing subjects for the writing.


Listing is an ongoing process of creating plenty of information inside a short period of time by producing some broad ideas then building on those associations to get more information. Listing is specially of good use if the beginning subject is quite broad and also you have to narrow it down.

  • Write down most of the possible terms that emerge through the topic that is general will work on. This process works specially well in the event that you work with a group. All associates can create tips, with one user acting as scribe. Don’t be worried about editing or throwing away exactly just what may not be a good clear idea. Merely take note of as numerous opportunities as you’re able.
  • Group the products that you’ve got detailed relating to plans which make sense for you. Are things thematically related?
  • Offer each combined team a label. So Now you have actually a narrower subject with possible points of development.
  • Write a sentence concerning the label you’ve got offered the number of some ideas. So Now you have a subject sentence or perhaps a thesis statement.


Clustering, also called brain idea or mapping mapping, is just a strategy which allows you to definitely explore the relationships between a few ideas.

  • Place the topic in the heart of a web page. Circle or underline it.
  • While you consider other some ideas, compose them on the web page surrounding the main idea. Connect the latest tips to the circle that is central lines.
  • While you think about some ideas that relate solely to the latest a few ideas, add to those into the way that is same.

The effect shall appear to be an internet on your page. Locate groups of great interest to you personally, and employ the terms you connected to the key ideas as departure points for your paper.

Clustering is very beneficial in determining the partnership between a few ideas. You are able to differentiate the way the basic tips fit together, particularly where there was a good amount of tips. Clustering your opinions enables you to see them aesthetically in a way that is different to be able to more easily comprehend possible instructions your paper usually takes.


Freewriting is a procedure of producing plenty of information by composing non-stop for a predetermined length of time. It allows one to concentrate on a topic that is specific but forces one to compose so quickly that you will be struggling to modify all of your some ideas.

  • Freewrite regarding the project or basic subject for five to 10 minutes non-stop. Force your self to keep composing just because absolutely absolutely nothing certain pops into the mind (so you might wind up writing “I don’t know very well what to write about” over repeatedly until a notion pops into the mind. This really is ok; the important things is you may not stop writing). This freewriting should include ideas that are many at this time, producing a few ideas is really what is very important, perhaps not the sentence structure or perhaps the spelling.
  • You have written and highlight the most prominent and interesting ideas; then you can begin all over again, with a tighter focus (see looping) after you have finished freewriting, look back over what. You can expect to slim your topic and, along the way, you are going to create several appropriate points about this issue.


Looping is really a freewriting technique that enables you to focus your thinking constantly while attempting to find a writing topic. After you freewrite for the time that is first determine an integral thought or concept in your writing, and start to freewrite once again, with that concept as your starting place. You are going to loop one 5-10 minute freewriting after another, so that you have a series of freewritings, each more certain compared to final. Exactly the same guidelines that connect with freewriting apply to looping: compose quickly, try not to modify, nor stop.

Loop your freewriting as numerous times as necessary, circling another topic that is interesting concept, expression, or phrase every time. When you yourself have completed four to five rounds of looping, you can expect to commence to have particular information that suggests what you’re considering a specific subject. You may have the foundation for a tentative thesis or a better concept for a procedure for your project when you’ve got completed.

The Journalists’ Concerns

Journalists traditionally ask six concerns when they’re writing projects which can be broken on to five W’s and one H: Who?, What?, Where?, whenever?, Why?, and just how? You can make use of these relevant concerns to explore this issue you are currently talking about for the assignment. A vital to utilizing the reporters’ questions would be to make sure they are flexible adequate to take into account the particular information on your subject. As an example, in case your subject may be the increase and fall associated with Puget Sound tides and its impact on salmon spawning, you could have almost no to state about whom in case your focus doesn’t account fully for individual participation. Some topics may be heavy on the Who, especially if human involvement is a crucial part of the topic on the other hand. Possible questions that are generic can ask utilizing the six reporters’ concerns follow:

  • Who?:Who will be the individuals? that is affected? That are the actors that are primary? That are the additional actors?
  • Exactly just What?:What could be the subject? What’s the importance of the subject? What is the problem that is basic? Which are the presssing problems linked to that problem?
  • Where?:Where does the experience occur? Where does the nagging problem or problem have actually its supply? At just what spot is the cause or effectation of the issue many noticeable?
  • Whenever?:Whenever may be the presssing problem many obvious? ( within the past? present? future?) Whenever did the problem or issue develop? Just exactly What forces that are historical contour the situation or problem as well as exactly what moment in time will the issue or issue culminate in an emergency? Whenever is action had a need to deal with the problem or issue?
  • Why?:Why did the presssing problem or issue arise? Exactly why is it topic that is(your a problem or issue at all? Why did the problem or issue develop in the manner it did?
  • How:How that is? is problem or issue significant? Just how can it is addressed? How exactly does it impact the individuals? just How do the problem or issue be solved?

The reporters’ concerns certainly are a effective option to develop significant amounts of information regarding an interest very quickly. Learning how to ask the questions that are appropriate a topic takes training, but. Every so often during composing an assignment, you might need to go back and get the reporters’ questions once again to clarify essential points that could be getting lost in your preparation and drafting.